Amazon proposes to regulate the traffic drones in the US with flight zones at different heights and speeds. The drones are to be controlled via a ground control and are to exchange position data necessary to change course.
The plans for a regular air traffic drones progressing – though currently is not yet clear whether air traffic control for a large increase in small unmanned flying objects will be necessary.
Speaking at a conference on the vote of the developments in the field of drone flight control, organized by NASA, Amazon presented according to a report from The Verge his proposals.
“The sky will become increasingly crowded when commercial and private unmanned flying objects, commonly called drones, are more popular,” Parimal Kopardekar, who works as a manager for the Safe Autonomous Systems Operations NASA Project said.
The basic principle is simple: At an altitude of up to 60 meters very slow movements are to take place, between 60 and 120 meters, however, faster movements for the long-haul traffic. Between 120 and 150 meters, a no-fly zone to be established. Control of the drones is to take place centrally from the ground. Also, a communication of aircraft to each other to be held in order to coordinate and transmit commands.
A quadricopter without an Internet connection with a human pilot on the ground is likely only in the lower airspace.
The US company has already developed a Precisionhawk air traffic control for its drones, which are intended for the monitoring of oil-producing plants and agricultural land.
How to recognize the tiny drones?
Some companies have developed systems that could also constitute important building blocks for such a system. This includes a review of the flight range based on the battery level and the environment. Another company developed a database that contains the so-called no-fly zones, and may prohibit the private individuals drone over flights over their land. Prototypes for collision avoidance as well as tools made to command entire fleets of drones.
The biggest challenge in the integration of drones in the air space is a reliable tracking system. Radar is not suitable due to the low altitudes and the extremely small missiles. Nevertheless, the drones must be able to be detected from the ground and other aircraft from. Therefore, the Nasa tries to establish a tracking system with mobile operators and their masts.