Let us say a few words about the historical backgrounds of modern painting. After the 2nd World War, the focus of the Western world`s artworks had been moved from Europe for the first time. The world`s biggest power, the USA, had driven towards itself the attention of the European avant-garde, as the artists became interested in their American colleagues` works.
The different waves of art of the end of the 20th century were mostly born and flourished in the USA, from the abstract impressionism to the minimal art, pop art, and hyper-realism. Towards the end of the 20th century, a fine art gallery contained a wide variety of materialization of new thoughts, becoming positively international.
A few words about abstract expressionism. This wave of fine art is connected mainly to the name Jackson Pollock. This artist became the most prominent figure of New York`s cultural life. He combined the abstract art with the German expressionism, as well as with surrealistic methods of revealing the human subconscious.
In the 1930s, Pollock was driven towards surrealism. One of the surrealists` methods was the automatic painting and writing, which meant, that the artist simply took his/her brush or pen and let their thoughts wander freely during the act of creation. The idea was, that he/she did not do previous sketches or projects, and did not attempt to manipulate an outcome. They claimed that in this way the subconscious is which directly drives the artist`s brush or pen.
If I want to get closer to my home with continuing the idea, one great painter representing Hungary must be mentioned, namely Pál Szinyei, who was an extremely talented representative of the post-romantic period, and an early realist. His ideas as to what should there be painted he explained by stating that nothing was above nature, and a true painter should paint nature as it is, may the actual painting be a portrait or a landscape. He adored the French school of the mid-nineteenth century, and he literally propelled himself forward as a naturalist by painting exquisite landscapes and subject pictures. He studied painting In Munich and one of his most famous paintings, ” The faun and the nymph” was finished there in 1868.
As a conclusion I would like to add, that one of my dearest memories is connected to an art gallery, which showed the most famous paintings of different Hungarian authors in my little home town. That was something like going to Budapest, and visiting the National Art Gallery.