Animals of the North Pole

When you think of animals in the North Pole or South Pole, you’re actually thinking of animals that live in the arctic or Antarctic. The poles are just small spots in the vast ice shelves and oceans that make up the arctics. The words ‘north pole’ can create a chill in your bones and a picture in your mind of icy wind blowing over vast fields of ice and snow. But really, the arctic has a summer and winter, where in the summer a great deal of the ice melts and there are many different fish, mammals, birds and other creatures that inhabit this area.

Beluga, or white whales live in the oceans of the arctic. The beautiful white skin of these whales looks so smooth; it’s as if they are carved of porcelain. These creatures have a strange, and unexplained, ability to find holes in the ice shelves, from hundreds of miles.

Another whale that lives in and near the arctic is Orcas, or killer whales. These whales don’t generally venture into the ice pack and only migrate to these cooler waters in the summer months.

Bearded seals and sea otters are some prime dinner choices for the Orca, and add to the circle of live in the arctic. Bearded seals are the largest Atlantic seal and its song can be heard from a great distance. These creatures have a face with dark eyes and nose with large cat-like whiskers. Sea Otters also have whiskers and a sweet looking face; they have to eat almost half their body weight daily to keep from freezing. A sea otter can live its entire life in the water.

Everyone can picture a polar bear, white fur and small ears tight to their head. The polar bear’s main diet is made up of seals. When food is sparse, the polar bear will live off its fat reserves. This white bear used on so many holiday cards and winter greetings is listed as a vulnerable species.

The Walrus is an important arctic creature because of its use to the Inuit people for its meat, blubber and skin. Reindeer also were used by the Inuit peoples not only for their meat, skin and bones but also for transportation. Walrus’ are known for their large tusks, great body mass and extra large whiskers on its face. Populations are at historically depressed levels because of the exploitation of the walrus for its ivory tusks and blubber.

There are many different types of animals living in the North Pole, or better stated, in the Arctic Ocean. Some of them keep warm with blubber and fat; others eat almost half their body weigh to keep warm. Polar bears need ice shelves to feed and sea otters can live in the water their entire lives. From the fuzzy and cute, to the smooth and white, you’ll be surprised how much variety you’ll find if you do a little research on the animals in the North Pole.