Evaluate the antimicrobial activity of a textile product that is used in Medical.
Find out the efficacy of antimicrobial finish export oriented product.
Antimicrobial treatment for textile materials is important to fulfill the following reason:
To avoid cross infection by pathogenic micro-organisms.
To control the disease by micro-organism.
To arrest metabolism in microorganism in order to reduce the formation odor.
To safeguard the textile products from staining, discoloration and quality deterioration.
Introduction to Antimicrobial Finish:
The term antimicrobial refers to a broad range of technologies that can provide varying degrees of protection for textile products against microorganisms.
A microorganism is an organism that is microscopic. Microorganisms include bacteria, fungi, algae, archaea or protists, but not viruses and prions, which are generally classified as non-living. Microorganisms live almost everywhere on Earth where there is liquid water, including hot springs, on the ocean floor, and deep inside rocks within Earth’s crust. An antimicrobial textile can act in two distinct ways:
The antimicrobial agent placed on the surface or in the fiber disperses more or less rapidly in a humid external medium to reach the microorganisms and inhibit their growth.
The antimicrobial agent placed on the fiber does not disperse and, to attain the antimicrobial action, microorganisms have to contact the fiber.
Apparel: Underwear, sportswear, socks, tights, panty-hose, apparel with synthetic fibres, shirts.
Home Textiles: Bedding sheets, pillowcases, mattress pads, pillows, towels, bath mats.
Carpets: bedroom, bathroom carpets.
Effect of this Microorganism:
Coliform: Food poisoning, Diarrhea etc.
Staphylococcus aureous: pneumonia, Skin infections etc.
Salmonellae & shigella: Typhoid, dysentery etc.
Fungi: cancer, malnutrition, Skin disease etc.
In Medical sector it is very important to use the textiles treated with antimicrobial finish to inhibit the growth of microorganism for patients safety. For this reason in our project we have tried to find out the anti microbial activity of medical textiles but the result was not satisfactory. Now textile industries are using antimicrobial finish on their product. But it is sorry to say that these products are not able to inhibit 100% bacterial growth. We tried to find the type of bacteria present in the fabric used in medical and how they effect to the body and counted them that present in the fabric. We also tried to find the percentage of efficacy of antimicrobial finished fabric.