It has been observed that in the recent times, the public health experts are focusing more on creating awareness about immunization of children. This indeed is a good sign however there should also be some awareness campaigns for the adults as well. The medical science has taken some initiatives and is actively involved in creating a number of immunizations targeted at adults. These immunizations are helpful to avoid life-threatening diseases in their middle-age and also during their old age.
Some of the experts believe that immunization is a life-long issue and everybody should pay attention to it. Some adult vaccinations such as influenza are quite popular since they tend to be conducted on an annual basis. The main problem lies with those special vaccines which are targeted towards specific age groups and makes it more difficult to figure out which shots are needed.
For example, some of the new vaccines such as Human Papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine which is created to prevent infection by a sexually transmitted virus that causes cervical cancer in women.
The HPV vaccines and tests are recommended only to younger girls; however young adults who are preteens or teens did not get it. It is under the discussion that whether young men and adults should receive the vaccine or not. Lately, an increasing number of vaccines either target senior citizens or the young adults. The older age group should be given vaccines to increase their immunisation which is important in their later stages of life to fight against any diseases and infections.
For example, the herpes zoster vaccination is given to individuals who are 60 and above. This vaccine helps in preventing the occurrence of shingles. Shingles is a painful skin disorder which is linked to chicken pox which you infected during your childhood.
Some of the vaccines for infections are given only once during the childhood. But, a second dose of Measles or mumps should be given to the age group of 50 and older to support the immunisation. A second dose of tetanus or diphtheria should be given every 10 years after the age of 65.
People who are increased risk for certain diseases which is caused at work or due to illness or lifestyle should also require vaccination as an adult. For those frequent travelers who go abroad to either study or work should seek the advice of their family physicians about travel vaccines.
Health care workers who work in remote areas or in cities should be given a wide variety of vaccinations including Measles, mumps, Hepatitis A and B shots, Tetanus, Diphtheria etc. Despite the various efforts and awareness measures taken by the public health officials, there are a certain percentage of people who are hesitant to get vaccinated because of various health concerns.