What is it?
Its purpose is to help a potential buyer to choose, within a range, the subject most adapted to the environment and the family in which he is called to live.
This test, we said everything and its opposite: some wear to the skies and denigrate others saying it does absolutely nothing. After many experiments with puppies of different breeds, it is the test of Campbell is very useful in most cases if you follow his instructions to the letter, if the puppies are tested with the age requirement (usually seven weeks) and if you do not expect results other than those originally intended by the test (eg, it is not an intelligence test or a test of ability, and we can not consider that we will provide guidance in this direction).
In only a few cases with very special character breeds – such as the Chow Chow – test Campbell does not give reliable results (all puppies give almost the same answers and it is almost impossible to obtain a scale values) in general, however, this test is perfectly valid and it is advisable to make before choosing a puppy.
Get in condition for the test
Age: forty to fifty days.
Location: isolated, tranquil, offering no distraction, closed or bounded. There must be an entry (gate, door) neat. During the cold season, you can run the test away, even in a room (if it is sufficiently clear and spacious): however, it is essential that this place, outside or inside, is absolutely unknown puppies.
Duration: about half an hour to properly test a range of six subjects.
Who should perform the test? The future owner of the puppy and nobody else. If this test is performed eg by the farmer, it will give completely different results that will serve him in his personal judgments but will be of no use to the prospective purchaser. Thus, if the breeder tells you that he has already submitted the scope test, ask politely for permission to repeat yourself.
You need to take yourself each puppy separately and lead in the area reserved for testing. You should not talk to puppies, or encourage or caress, unless this type of attitude is explicitly recommended by the test. If a puppy poops during the test, skip the thing and clean the area when the puppy is gone. The test is divided into five parts: before doing, you must prepare a league table similar to this one below, identifying the puppies by different letters (A, B, C, D, etc.)..
Part I: Social Attraction
Carefully place the puppy in the center of the test area and keep away from a few meters in the opposite direction of the door or gate. Squat or sit cross-legged and gently tap in your hands to get the puppy. Note in the table the speed with which the dog runs, the position of the tail (high or low), and the attitude he adopts once you joined.
A-comes immediately – high tail – you jump on – you nibble hands
B-comes immediately – high tail – you scratch your hands with legs
C-comes immediately – low tail
D-comes but hesitates – low tail
E-Do not come at all
Part II: Ability to follow
Start with a point near the puppy and after making sure he is watching you, stay away from him walking normally. List on the board the speed with which the puppy follows you (or if you do not follow) and the attitude he adopts.
A-You immediately following high tail – just between your feet – you nibble feet
B-You immediately following high tail – just between your feet
C-comes immediately high tail
D-You hesitantly follows high tail
E-Do not follow or goes
Part III: Response to stress
Crouch, return the puppy gently on his back and hold it in this position for about 30 seconds, leaving your hand on his chest. Note reactions in the corresponding box of table.
A-Rebels violently – to debate – bites
B-Rebels violently – to debate
C-Rebels then calms
D-Do not rebel – licks your hands
Part Four: Social Dominance
Get down and gently pat the puppy from the head and continuing through the neck and back. Register reactions in the appropriate box in the table. If the puppy has ambiguous reactions, or if he tries to play … to take the lead, keep stroking until his behavior can be clearly interpreted and classified.
A-You jumps – you scratched with legs – growls bites
B-You jumps – you scratched with legs
C-Turns – licks your hands
D-Turns on the back – you lick the hands
E-Goes and remains far
Part Five: Dominance by raising
Take the puppy under the belly, crossing your fingers, palms upward. Lift it slightly off the ground and hold it for about 30 seconds. List on the board the speed with which he accepts (or does not accept) the situation in which he has no control and placed under the absolute power of man. The puppy should then be petted, praised and placed within reach. You then submit another puppy to the same test. It is very important that all puppies are subjected to the test by the same person at the same place and the same way.
A-violently Rebels – bites – rumbles
C-Rebels – be quiet – licks your hands
D-Do not rebel – licks your hands
Test results of Campbell
– Two or more answers A, B with responses in other parts of the test
These puppies tend to react in a way dominant and aggressive and may even bite if they are treated rudely. They are not suitable for children or the elderly. The ideal setting for them is that of a household of adults living in a tranquil atmosphere and chosen methods of education strict without being brutal. Coexistence with other animals may be difficult, unless they are dogs of the opposite sex.
– Three or more B answers
These puppies tend to dominate and to distinguish, without reaching the excesses of ‘A’: a gentle and consistent training can lead to rapid learning. They are not recommended in families where there are already young children or other dogs of the same sex.
– Three or more C responses
These puppies can adapt anywhere, even if there are children or elderly. Their high degree of docility and submission does not prevent them to be useful as guard dogs or defense after suitable training.
– Two or more D responses, especially if there are also answers
These puppies extremely submitted will receive a lot of sweetness and rewards for self-confidence and achieve the best possible fit to the human environment. They can live with children ‘responsible’. They will bite in self-defense or that in case of very grave danger.
– Two or more E responses, especially if one of them for the test of social dominance
These puppies will be difficult to socialize and train, unless you use special techniques. If there are also answers ‘A’ or ‘B’, they will bite if scared or stress. If there are answers ‘C’ and ‘D’, they tend instead to flee situations of stress. These puppies are not recommended for young children.