Bioreactor: What is it? What are the benefits of bioreactors?

A bioreactor is a product that contains organisms, cells, or bacteria used to grow things. It is used mainly in the medical and scientific fields. A bioreactor has a large chamber that can mix chemicals and solutions when working with waste products, yeast, chemical compositions, and cells. The product is used to create vaccines for children, new pharmaceutical drugs, waste treatment options, and chemical waste removal and filtering. The vat or container that is connected to the unit is a fermentation unit that can hold anywhere from 50-2000 liters on average. Medical and scientific professionals all over the world use them to conduct research and create new products.

Parts of a bioreactor
• Agitator-the part that mixes the contents in the bioreactor
• Sparger-basically an air bubbler that supplies oxygen to the fermenting area
• Baffle-piece designed to stop the tornado affect when liquids are stirred or agitated
• Jacket-keeps the temperature controlled and accurate

Controls on a bioreactor
• Foam control-this controls the amount of foam that is created by agitation
• Temperature control-This control keeps the temperature constant at any needed temperature, hot or cold
• Oxygen sensor-This control actually lets the user see how much oxygen is concentrated in the agitated solution so that adjustments can be made if necessary
• Ph sensor-This control allows the user to keep an eye on how acidic a mixture is

Benefits of a bioreactor
• Great for research and mixing batches of chemicals safely
• An enclosed system
• Offers a sterile work environment
• Temperature, ph, and oxygen can be controlled easily
• Varying sizes allow for different company usages creating a versatile product
• Disposable bioreactors are even available

Who uses a bioreactor?
• Chemists
• Research students
• Pharmacies
• Waste treatment companies
• Beer manufacturers
• Medical researchers
• Laboratories

A bioreactor helps many scientists, researchers, and chemists do their jobs. It allows them to mix chemicals, cells, liquids, and other items to see what combinations can be made, what medicines can be created, and how waste can be treated. Typically, a bioreactor can be found in medical laboratories, chemistry offices, research facilities, and specialized doctor’s offices. This specific machinery creates an environment where combinations of chemicals or other products can be mixed with a completely sterile system. This ensures that all test results and compositions are pure and contain the exact amount of ingredients specified. There is no way for foreign contaminants to ruin testing information. Use of these types of products help identify new medicines like important vaccines, new fertilizers for crops, chemical snow guard compositions, and cleaning solutions. They also allow pharmaceutical companies to create a wide variety of medications and chemical solutions. Researchers know how to use these machines to create experiments, test products, and contain hazardous combinations so that they can be examined.