Bow And Arrow Building Instructions – Making Your Own Weapon

How to Make a Bow and Arrow

In the following article you will find simple bow and arrow building instructions. The bow and arrow have been present from the dawn of civilization both as a weapon and as preferred hunting tool. It was once the weapon for choice for everyone, especially in the Middle Ages.

Archers were much respected combat arms and very often they were the ones to decide the outcome of a battle. The Mongols created their vast empire thanks to the great mobility and precision of their mounted archers. Most famous person that used bow and arrow on a daily basis is of course Robin Hood. But the bow and arrow are also present in mythology. For example, the roman god of love, Cupid, carries bow and arrow. The ancient goddess of hunting and wilderness, Artemis, is also depicted as a bow and arrow master.

Today the bow and arrow is obsolete as a weapon and tool, but it is still used for the Olympic sport of archery or if, God forbid, you should find yourself alone in the wilderness than you can use it as a means to survive.

If you are looking for bow and arrow building instructions, than you should know that there are several steps to building a quality bow and arrow equipment.


The wooden material that you choose for making your bow should be flexible. Such woods are juniper and mulberry, but you can also use oak, teak, elm or hazel, depending on which is available at the moment. The building material should come from a dead, yet not rotting piece of wood. It’s best if the original wood is the same height as the user, but it can also be efficient if it’s 1 meter (~1 yard) long. The thickness of the wood should not be less than 1 inch in diameter. Find a wood without knots, twists or limbs. In the absence of dry wood, green wood can be used, but have in mind that it doesn’t provide the same power. If you use green wood, pine is best. Peel it, soak it in worm water and dry it over fire so it hardens.


Every wood has a natural curve, so determine the wood’s natural curve before you start carving. The bow should be thicker in the center in order to be strong. The thicker side of the wood should be the inside of the bow – the side that bends towards you when shooting. Start carving with knife or other tool until it has same width in both the thicker and the thinner half. In the end, the bow should have thick and strong center and two thinner, easily bendable parts on both sides of the centre. Cut notches with your knife on both of the ends on the outside of the curve, each 1 – 2 inches from the end of the bow, shaped like half-moon.

The string can be made from nylon cord, hemp rope, fishing line or cotton threads. If you find yourself out in the wild, it may be hard to find a good string so you will have to try different materials. The string should not be too stretched because the power comes from the bow.

Arrows should be made from very straight sticks. Good materials are goldenrods and mullen, since they are naturally straight. Like with the bow, the wood for the arrows should also be dry and dead, but a green wood may be used if you have the time to dry it first. The arrows should be half the length of the bow or as long as the bow can be drawn back. The wood for arrows should be smooth and free of all imperfections. Make a notch at the bottom of every arrow for the string. You can make different kinds of arrowheads. The easiest and most elementary is to sharpen the front of the arrow. Don’t forget to harden it on the fire. Arrowhead can be made from metal, glass, stone or bone. Make a notch at the front of the arrow, insert the arrowhead in it and tighten the arrowhead in the wood with some string. Use feathers for stabilizers (known as fletching) of the arrow. You can glue the on the sides or split the arrow at the back, insert the feather and then wrap the arrow with some thread.


Bow and arrow building instructions can comprise other small tips, like:

• For making the fire you need for hardening the wood, you’ll need to gather dry lint, dry moss and some other wood for fire. When you use it, be careful not to burn the bow or the arrows, so hold the little higher from the fire.
• If you are going to fish with your new tool, keep in mind that the angle of reflection of the water when you aim. Also, you will not need feathers for this kind of use.
• The bow and arrow described in these bow and arrow building instructions will not last for a long time, but since they are easy to make, you can construct new ones if you need.
• Before you put the string on, wrap the bow with wet leather band tightly around the center to up to two thirds of the length of the bow and leave it to dry – it will give additional power and strength to the bow.


• When you start shaping the bow, carve the wood from the inside of the curve, the thicker half, or the bow will snap on the first use.
• The bow and arrow is not an easy tool to use and it requires a significant strength in the arms.
• NEVER aim at people! The bow and arrow is a lethal weapon so be careful when you practice. You could also hurt yourself.
• Be extremely careful whit the knife or axe while you carve the wood.
• It’s a good idea to carry a bow string when you go camping or in the wild because it’s hard to find suitable string.
• Keep the bow and arrows away from kids.

There are other bow and arrow building instructions online that can provide you with information on how to build other kinds of bow and arrow.