Before considering allergies and food allergy symptoms, it is important to know what an allergy is. An allergy is a response by the body’s immune system to a foreign substance in the body to which it is very sensitive. Different people display different reactions to the same substance. This means that not everyone is sensitive to the same things.
What Kids of Foods Can A Person Be Allergic To?
15 million Americans suffer from allergies, with food allergies being the most common (even dogs can get allergies). Boys seem to develop food allergies more frequently than girls. Food allergies may also play a role in triggering symptoms of other non-food-allergy related conditions such as atopic dermatitis. Any food is a possible source of allergy to someone. The majority of all food-based allergies in children (more than 90%) are caused by the following food groups: eggs, milk, peanuts, tree nuts or soy, which may protect from BPA exposure (U.S. News & World Reports), Fish and shellfish, and wheat. Adults, to a lesser extent, are allergic to soy, and eggs.
Peanuts are the culprit in the most common food allergy symptoms
Peanut allergies are most common, and it can be noted that if a person is allergic to them, the symptoms of peanut allergy usually appear in minutes and are quite obvious. An allergic response to peanuts can trigger a potentially allergic reaction called anaphylaxis
The symptoms of other food allergies appear at varying times.
Signs of such a food allergy are:
- Runny nose
- Skin displays redness
- Skin displays swelling
- Hives appear on the skin
- Stomach reactions, such as cramps, diarrhea, vomiting
- Shortness of breath
About one percent of the population suffers from some sort of peanut allergy.
Such an allergy usually becomes apparent when people are young, and they don’t grow out of it in the case of peanut allergy, but they do for some other food allergies.
Peanut and some other food allergies should not be taken lightly. Some with such allergic reactions require immediate medical treatment. Such extreme allergic reactions to peanuts or other substances is called anaphylaxis.
Such a reaction will usually include some or all of:
- Constriction of the airways
- Difficulty in breathing
- Severe drop in blood pressure
If someone is displaying such a reaction to an allergy, a doctor should administer epinephrine (adrenalin).
As a precaution, an injector of epinephrine should be available at home and work for adults who suffer from this. They should carry an injector with them at all times.
In the case of children, there must be such injectors at home and at schools, kindergartens or other child centers. Schools should be made aware of problems your child may have with peanuts and the symptoms of peanut allergy. They will usually store the injector(s) in case of emergency.
The main way to control a food allergy is to not to eat the food that causes the problem(s). Thoroughly check all ingredients of food products, and find out if what you need to avoid is called other names.
Food manufacturers are required in most countries to display ingredients and are subject to large fines if they don’t. Thorough care must be taken not to serve inadvertently to a person suffering from peanut allergy foods which have peanuts in them, even in small quantities. Care must be taken in the mixing, storage and preparation of food that there is no accidental cross contamination.