Diversity of Spanish Poetry

Poetry has been a part of Spanish literature for a long time. For many periods in history, the Spanish culture has been able to make their presence felt and they are heavily influenced by other cultures that has been a part of their history.

All the influences on Spanish culture help them mold their works to masterpieces as it allowed them to go beyond their creativity. They also adapt to the current situation of the society. A great example is during the time that the presence of Arabs were greatly felt in their country. Being known for their strong religious Catholic beliefs, their society revolved around the teachings of the church and as a result, most of their arts also went along in terms of its theme as reflected on their songs, poems and other forms of art.

Aside from centering on religion, poems have also been written for different purposes such as a tool to display a political view, to express romance, for exhibiting art or simply for recreational purposes.

Here’s two examples of Spanish poems:

Amor Eterno by Gustavo Adolfo Becquer

Podrá nublarse el sol eternamente;
Podrá secarse en un instante el mar;
Podrá romperse el eje de la tierra
Como un débil cristal.
¡Todo sucederá!
Podrá la muerte
cubrirme con su fúnebre crespón;
pero jamás en mí podrá apagarse
la llama de tu amor

This poem means “Eternal Love” in English. It talks about showing your undying love for a person you love.

Versos Sencillos by Jose Marti (An excerpt)

Yo soy un hombre sincero
De donde crece la palma,
Y antes de morirme quiero
Echar mis versos del alma.

Yo vengo de todas partes,
Y hacia todas partes voy:
Arte soy entre las artes,
En los montes, monte soy.

Yo sé los nombres extraños
De las yerbas y las flores,
Y de mortales engaños,
Y de sublimes dolores.

Yo he visto en la noche oscura
Llover sobre mi cabeza
Los rayos de lumbre pura
De la divina belleza.

Translated as “Simple Verses” in English, this one is a poem with mixed themes such as freedom, friendship and justice. It has been translated to at least 10 different languages to date.

These two poems show how diverse Spanish poets can be diverse. Their creativity can cross boundaries and their passion for the arts can be felt from their impact in society. These Spanish poems can be used as references in any nation. Take Spanish lessons and discover the wonders of Spanish poetry.