Fertility pills are drugs taken by people having trouble conceiving or producing baby-making sperm. These drugs stimulate the ovulation process in female users thus making conception an immediate reality. Clomiphene and gonadotropins stimulate hormones found in the brain to produce the ova. Fertility drugs must be used cautiously as the unmonitored usage may lead to pregnancy complications. Sometimes, use of these drugs has led to multiple births, i.e. twins, triplets, quadruplets, e.t.c.
It is important to apply the proper dosages of the fertility drugs also because the safety of the developing baby also has to be maintained at all times. Types of fertility drugs include clomiphene, gonadotropins and bromoctripins. Fertility drugs could be applied orally or through injection. Clomiphene is the most commonly used fertility drug, with proven results over the years. It is applied for people with abnormal ovulation trends and patterns. The drugs may be applied in conjunction with other reproductive methods or even artificial insemination. These drugs are used for five consecutive days, mostly after the initial stages of menstruation. Several days later, the ovulation commences. Then these drugs are used for up to six months. If by this time there is no sign of pregnancy, a change of medication is necessary.
These drugs have a high success rate although there have been erratic reports of side effects, from mild ones to medium-effect ones. Nausea, bloating, headaches, hot flushes and unclear vision are some of the reported side effects. Changes could also be observed in cervical mucus, thus complicating the process of fertility levels detection. Sometimes, these changes in cervical mucus bar the sperms from getting into the uterus. However the risk of multiple births in Clomid is less than in injectable hormones.
If clomids are not effective in impregnation, injectable hormones are recommended. The major setback with these is its nature of implementation, i.e. once a month. Multiple and premature births have also been reported.
In men, infertility could be caused by a low sperm count or poor quality sperm. Men can be operated on to unblock the tubes that let out the sperms. Fertility drugs for men boost sperm count. If all fails, unfortunately, then the man may seek the services of a sperm donor. Infertility in men can be reduced by avoiding alcoholism, wearing loose-fitting undergarments, desisting from performance enhancing drugs e.g. bhang, cocaine and heroin, and preventing sexually transmitted infections.