A cardiac arrhythmia or irregular heartbeat in women is a disruption of normal heartbeat, not caused by real events in the impulse generation and conduction in the heart muscle. Heart rhythm disturbances occur quite frequently. The heart beats an average of an adult one hundred thousand times a day. The case from the heart beats faster or slower and is generally normal and not necessarily pathological. However, should frequently occurring cardiac arrhythmia, may occur over a longer period to be examined by a doctor.
Definition of cardiac arrhythmias
In cardiac arrhythmia, the heart rate either increased (over 100 beats per minute), slow (less than 60 beats per minute) or interrupted or stumbling adhesion occur. These signs must not be morbid. Thus endurance athletes generally have a distinct calm pulse (a pulse), with less than 60 beats per minute can be quite normal.
Heart rhythm disturbances are common. Healthy people notice sometimes an irregular heartbeat (palpitations), extra heart beats (arrhythmias) or brief exposure of the heartbeat caused by an extra beat. Oftmal you can feel the heart rhythm disturbances and not at all.
Tachycardia with rapid atrial fibrillation is as often as regular or irregular heartbeat to be described in the neck. If an already damaged heart, can be caused by excessive heart rate, worsen existing heart failure.
This may, for example by dyspnoea comment. In severe cases pulmonary edema may result. Also, chest pain ( angina ) may occur and lead to deterioration of the cerebral blood flow ( dizziness , seizures , disorientation, temporary speech and visual disturbances ).
Dangerous heart arrhythmias (eg ventricular tachycardia) may be limiting the cardiac output strongly that adequate circulation is no longer possible. The patients lose consciousness . Mechanical malfunctions are from ventricular flutter or fibrillation with cardiac arrest (asystole) before. If these arrhythmias without apparent reason in advance, this is called sudden cardiac death.
Causes of cardiac arrhythmias
As already noted above, must be the cause of heart rhythm disorders not pathological in nature.
Abnormal heart rhythm disturbances are usually damage to the sinus node (natural pacemaker of the heart) or the conduction system. Typical diseases that are associated with heart rhythm disorders such as coronary artery disease , valvular heart disease, heart disease or hyperthyroidism .
As with the racing heart , a faster (tachycardiac) heartbeat by stress , caffeine , anxiety, stress and smoking occur.
Treatment of cardiac arrhythmias
Arrhythmia should always be examined by the doctor. These notes with the help of various studies, whether it is the arrhythmia-hazardous or serious arrhythmias. This is necessary as the first conversation with the patient to determine problems and possible pre-existing conditions. After that, the doctor usually measured as heart rate and heart rate and creates an electrocardiogram (ECG) that can be used in the form of long-term ECG or stress test. Furthermore, the ultrasound of the heart (echocardiography), blood tests and x-ray gives further insight on the state of cardiac arrhythmias.
The subsequent treatment of cardiac arrhythmias depends on its cause. This is the top priority that the complaints dealt with cardiac rhythm disturbances and dangers or complications are overcome by the heart. Antiarrhythmic drugs such as altered by the effect of their rhythm of the heart.
In cardiac arrhythmias, therapy is directed according to their nature and cause. The goal of treatment is, first, to relieve the symptoms and on the other hand, the risk of complications (such as sudden cardiac death) should be avoided. Heart rhythm disturbances can be treated with antiarrhythmic drugs, among other things. Antiarrhythmic drugs alter in various ways the conduction to the heart.
Be considered in rare cases, the use of a pacemaker into consideration. In some cases, with disease-related cardiac arrhythmias recommended the implantation of a pacemaker.
Are mental stress as the cause of stress relaxation is recommended measures and stress avoidance. Particularly autogenic training here is very promising.
Prevention of cardiac arrhythmias
Heart rhythm disorders that are not pathologically conditioned, can be prevented by good healthy, stress-free life with plenty of exercise, fresh air, healthy nutrition and not smoking, and alcohol. Preventive as well is the autogenic training , which serves not only calming but also to a total of more relaxation can take in everyday life.