How Is A Stem Cell Transplant Done? – Getting A Better Picture Of The Medical Process

How is a stem cell transplant done?

Stem cell transplant is a process of fusion on stem cells in order to repair a dysfunctional bone marrow. The process relies on using the stem cells within an individual or from a donor in order to connect and fuse the cells together. This will definitely ensure that the body will be able to reproduce healthy stem cells. The process of how is a stem cell transplant done is however much more complicated and has more intricacies than the average transplant process. The process thus may need more tools and involvement than the average stem cell process. The stem cell transplant helps the body reproduce more blood cells and white cells as well as platelets. This process ensures the body is able to reproduce and work efficiently. Thus the stem cell transplant process is good way of enabling the body to reproduce and work more efficiently.

There are various reasons why stem cell transplant is done such as repairing the bone marrow. It is also a suitable method for people who’s body is diseased and stem cells have been destroyed through such diseases. The method will ensure the stem cells are replaced for the patient who may use their own cells or other people’s cells to replant their stem cells. The transplant may allow the body to do two things such as replace the stem cells of the patient which is usually the side effect of aplastic anemia which causes the stem cells to be destroyed through cancer. The way to cure the disappearance of stem cells is through replanting the stem cells which is done through destroying the bone marrow of the body through radiation or powerful drugs. This process ensures the bone marrow is killed and can be replanted. The stem cells are thus infused by the process which creates a new good bone marrow. The process of destroying the stem cells is thus a good way for destroying cancerous cells that may spread and create leukaemia in the patient who needs to ensure the cancer is eradicated. The destruction of the stem cells ensures the stem cell transplant can take place easily. This is one of the crucial steps in the process of how is a stem cell transplant done.

Moreover, the stem cell transplants are very useful and effective for many crucial reasons. Hematopoietic stem cells which consist of red blood cells, white blood cells and platelets found in the bone marrow are easily destroyed in the body. This is through harmful diseases such as Cancer, leukaemia , and other harmful diseases which destroy the supply of cells in the bone marrow necessary for the good operation of the body. This is why a transplant is important in this case in order to ensure that the stem cells are replenished. The cells are infused or transplanted through an infusion (IV) line which is introduced to create new stem cells. This is very similar to the blood transfusion operation in which a line is introduced into the body in order to replenish the body with blood. In this case the stem cell transplant replenishes the bone marrow with the destroyed blood cells to keep the bone marrow in shape.

Stem cell transplant however is not that simple because it is classified into two main types. The first type of stem cell transplant would be autologous stem cell transplant or allogenic stem cell transplant. The two types are appropriate for replenishing stem cells for the bone marrow and depend on the patient and the matching donor. Furthermore, the first type is one in which the donor is the patient themselves who supply their cells as source of stem cells. This is a simple process of transplant in which the patients stem cells is harvested and then frozen and later thawed. Once the patient has undergone this first step then the patient can undergo chemotherapy which will take place in order to kill cancer cells. Then the stem cells are reintroduced into the body of the patient who will then have the first two procedure or steps repeated once or twice.

Another crucial step is allogenic stem cell transplant which employs the stem cells of another donor. The donor has to have matching cells to the patient in order for this to take place. This is a second step in the process and portrays how is a stem cell transplant done. The transplant takes place easily because the stem cells of another patient is used although the stem cells may be rejected by the body. Furthermore the stem cells are introduced easily if it matches with no rejection by the patients immunity system.

Moreover, the transplant process is very complicated and may not be as straight forward as it appears because it can have many risks. The risks are varied and usually are anything from allogenic to autologous. Each transplant has various implications for instance the autologous may have body rejections and thus have the adverse effect. Further the donor may need to be related to the patient in order for the match to take place. There are thus risks such as graft-versus-host disease , graft failure, organ damage, cataracts, secondary cancers , and death.

Each risk is thus very deep and can create a risky stem cell transplant. For instance graft-versus-host disease which is an allogenic stem cell transplant relies on using the stem cells of the donor related to the patient may create the risk of having the cells being denied. Thus it can be mild or severe depending on the rejection level by the patients body. It causes skin rashes, abdominal pain, diarrhea, nausea and vomiting and other future complications.

Moreover, other risks can easily be perpetuated and thus the stem cell transplant can fail. This may be why the patient needs to undergo a comparative analysis before under taking the process. This is a crucial process through the stem cell transplant. It is a good way for understanding how is a stem cell transplant done. It is thus necessary to weigh the benefits against the cost before deciding to take it up.