How to Make Scented Candles

How to Make Scented Candles

How to Make Scented Candles

Learning how to make scented candles can be a therapeutic, profitable, and fun activity that you can do alone or as a family project. Candle making almost became a lost art but there was a revival of the craft in the nineteen sixties and seventy’s. During that period candle usage expanded beyond mainly religious institutional use to what became a cultural phenomena. The newly converted quickly discovered how popular scented candles were and a scented candle niche was born. They became so popular that retailers saw a good way to make money and today you can find scented candles in any retail store that sells candles. There are also books and videos that tell how to make scented candles.

How to Make Scented Candles

How to Make Scented Candles as a Hobby

But hobbyists continue to make candles in increasing numbers and almost anyone can learn how to make scented candles that smell great. You can make scented candles with your favorite aroma’s to help you relax after a stress filled day. Imagine coming home, lighting a candle, melting into an easy chair or hot bath with a cool drink and taking in the aroma of a pumpkin spice, lilac (or your favorite fragrance) candle.

The equipment used to make candles varies from person to person but the main pieces are pretty much the same. You might be able to find most of the equipment listed below in your home or you can buy an inexpensive candle making kit or a top of the line kit. Here’s a list of basic equipment needed to make good, quality candles.

How to Make Scented Candles

Equipment

Hotplate/ Double Boiler (with numerical temperature gauge)

Thermometer

Scale – To weigh wax

Hammer – To break up wax

Mixing Spoon

Wicks

Molds

Hammer

Wooden Spoon

Wick Centering Kit

Wicks

All wicks are not created equal. This is not the place to cheap out on your candles. Buy quality wicks because they burn best.

Scale

A quality scale that measures up to 10 Lbs. should do the trick. Use the scale to weigh the wax before you put it into the double boiler.

Molds

Use molds to pour melted candle wax into to cool and shape the candle. You only need a few quality ingredients to make good scented candles. Quality ingredients are the key to quality candles. It only stands to reason that if you use inferior ingredients, you’ll end up with an inferior candle. Don’t assume that good quality candle making supplies will be too expensive. While you may pay a little more for superior materials, you will have a better product that you will enjoy more in the long run.

There are some very good reasons to use certain types of materials in your candles that aren’t always so obvious. For example, paraffin based candle wax has a petroleum component that is not Eco-friendly. When you burn candles that contain petroleum, they give off vapors that can be harmful to humans. Combined with other environmental variables, breathing toxic vapors from candles can lead to respiratory problems over time. So here’s a list of candle making ingredients.

Ingredients

Wax

Fragrance Oil

Herbs (optional)

Coloring Dye

Wax

Again, there are different types of wax that you can use in your candles. Using all natural Soy and Bees wax for your candles is eco-friendly, making it safer for your family and for the environment than candles made from paraffin wax that have a petroleum base.

Fragrance Oil

Fragrance oil is obviously what makes scented candles different so you don’t want to take chances with oil. You also have to be careful with fragrance oil because it has a high flashpoint.

How to Make Scented Candles Using Herbs (Optional)

Here’s a chance for you to personalize your scented candles with herbs from your garden. You can also buy herbs from a local store.

How to Make Scented Candles

How to Make Scented Candles – Using a Double Boiler

1. 1. If you’re using solid wax, use the hammer to break it into small enough pieces to fit into the measuring cup. Weigh out about 10 Lbs. of wax on the measuring scale. If you’re using pre-shaved wax, just measure out 10 Lbs. of it on the scale.

Warning

Before you put wax in the melting pot, it’s very important to get the temperature setting correct because wax has a flashpoint of 290° – 380°. That means it’s combustible and can catch fire if it gets too hot. Never use a kitchen range or any melter that doesn’t have a numerical temperature gauge. You can get an inexpensive double boiler from a retail department store or you can buy one online.

2. Now place the smaller pour pot containing the wax into the larger pot that has 2 -3 inches of water in the bottom. Turn the boiler on and set the temperature to 170° – 180° F. but it’s important not to turn the burner on too high as the wax can burn.

3. Use the thermometer to keep an eye on the wax temperature. You use a thermometer like the ones used to make candy for around $5.00 or less.

4. Use the spoon to stir the wax as it melts. Remove the wax from the heat when it reaches 170° F. If the wax starts to smoke, that means it’s too hot.

5. Add fragrance oil (or herbs from your garden) and coloring dye wax to the melted candle wax and let it melt for about 5 minutes. Candle wax will hold about 1.5 oz. of fragrance oil to every 1 Lb. of candle wax. Any more fragrance than that gets wasted. It’s best to use fragrance oil rather than water-based scent or alcohol-based perfume to make scented candles because wax is similar to oil in composition and oil and water don’t mix.

6. Use a wick centering device from a local hobby/craft store to center the wick in the mold. You can make a wick centering device by leaving about 3” of wick on the bottom of the mold and 2 – 3” of wick extended past the top of the mold held in place by a clothes pin laid across the top of the mold.

7. When the wax is blended, pour it around the wick centering device into molds and allow it to cool. Be careful when handling melted wax because it’s very hot when you remove it from the boiler. Don’t be alarmed if the top of the candle sinks in the middle. That’s typical. Just add enough wax to make the top of the candle level. Some people also add herbs at this point.

8. Allow the wax enough time to set (overnight?) then you should have a candle that looks and smells wonderful.

This article will help you learn how to make scented candlesHow to Make Scented Candles how to make scented candles but you’ll learn a lot about making candles through experience. So don’t be afraid to experiment and see what works and what doesn’t.

How to Make Scented CandlesHow to Make Scented Candles

Warnings

Don’t leave working heat sources unattended while making candles.

Never Leave children unattended when you’re making candles.

Never drink or allow anyone else to drink candle wax.

Never pour candle wax down a drain.

If hot wax splashes onto your skin don’t rub it off because rubbing it will smear it and burn a larger area. Rinse the wax off with cold water.

Make sure all heat producing equipment is turned off when you finish making your candles.

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How to Make Scented Candles

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