Isopropyl Alcohol Poisoning
Isopropyl, also known as isopropanol or rubbing alcohol, is a form of alcohol which is made using the combination of water and propane. It is highly toxic. Isopropyl alcohol is commonly used as a disinfectant, antifreeze, and as a solvent or a cleaning agent, skin lotions, mouthwashes, and typically comprises 70 percent of ‘rubbing alcohol.’ People ingest isopropyl alcohol to become intoxicated or to harm themselves. When ingested, isopropyl alcohol functions primarily as a central nervous system (CNS) inebriant and depressant, and its toxicity and treatment resemble that of ethanol. A mere eight ounces is considered to be lethal. It is known as Blue Heaven by abusers. It is said that some alcoholics will abuse this stuff while they are in institutional care because of the wide availability of IPA in hospitals and other medical facilities, while other abusers seem to prefer it using it over ordinary ethanol alcohol. It is a common substitute for alcohol amongst alcoholics. The effects of consumption of this form of alcohol will resemble drunkenness but can actually last for a lot longer, up to 4 times as long as the drunken timeframe commonly associated with normal alcoholic drinks.
Symptoms of Isopropyl Alcohol Poisoning
The symptoms are normally felt within the range of 10 to 30 minutes. This is going to depend on several factors including how much food has been consumed.
1) As OD symptoms start to appear the victim will start to feel nausea and will begin vomiting.
2) He will also suffer from pains in the stomach and his respiration will become severely depressed.
3) Other symptoms can include vomiting blood, excessive sweating, hemorrhaging in their trachea and bronchial tubes, pneumonia, swelling, and coma.
4) It also includes flushing, headache, dizziness, CNS depression, and anesthesia. Use in well-ventilated areas and use protective gloves while using. Poisoning can occur from ingestion, inhalation, or absorption.
Treatment for Isopropyl Alcohol Poisoning
Emergency help must be sought immediately. The liver turns isopropyl alcohol into acetone so if you have ingested this substance or inhaled this substance then you need to get medical attention immediately. In addition, supportive treatment for alcohol poisoning usually includes IV fluids. This is to prevent or treat dehydration that may result from vomiting, and it also replaces electrolytes. In some cases, a persons stomach may be pumped to remove any alcohol left in the stomach. However, by the time alcohol poisoning occurs, there is often little or no alcohol left in the stomach; it has already all entered the blood stream.