Motherhood brings with it immense joy, but at the same time it also brings in a lot of responsibilities. And these responsibilities start even before the baby comes into this world. One way of fulfilling your duties towards your baby is to get all the important prenatal tests done. Prenatal tests give the much needed information about the baby’s health. They help detect any problems that could affect the baby like genetic diseases or birth defect. The results of the prenatale testing can help you take the best health care decisions before and after the birth of the baby.
Given below are some of the common prenatal tests that are done during pregnancy.
Routine prenatal tests-throughout the pregnancy various routine tests are done to ensure that the woman and the baby are healthy. Samples of the blood and urine are checked for determining various health conditions, such as anemia, diabetes, hepatitis B, HIV, and preeclampsia. Health care providers perform Pap Smear test, Group B strep screening, and ultrasound. Ultrasound is done to check whether the baby’s growth is normal or not and if his organs are developing in a normal and healthy manner.
Genetic tests-doctors conduct genetic tests to find out if the baby is at a risk of any genetic disorder or birth defect. These tests are normally advised to women who have the risk of giving birth to a baby with birth defect or a genetic problem, such as woman above 35 years of age, one who has given birth to a baby with genetic defects before, who has had stillborn babies or miscarriages in the past, or has had gestational diabetes in earlier pregnancy.
Prenatal genetic tests include screening tests, as well as diagnostic tests. Screening tests tell if a baby has a higher risk of having a certain disease or disorder. But they can’t tell for sure whether the baby will be born with it. Diagnostic tests give you a more definite answer. Test DNA Prenatale are usually done when one gets positive results on a screening test.
The common genetic screening tests include ultrasound, integrated screening, triple or quadruple screening test, cell-free fetal DNA testing, and sequential screen test. Other tests that are done to verify genetic disorder or problems in the baby include amniocentesis, chronic villus sampling or CVS, and NIPD or Non-invasive prenatal diagnosis.
Non-invasive prenatal diagnosis is a relatively new type of genetic test that screens birth defects and inherited diseases. Both amniocentesis and CVS carry a small risk of causing miscarriage or complications. Both these tests involve taking baby’s amniotic fluid, blood, and placental tissue.
NIPD tests the small amount of baby’s DNA that is naturally present in pregnant woman’s blood. NIPD is used for checking birth defects such as Down syndrome, trisomy 14 and 18, as well as inherited diseases such as cystic fibrosis, hemophilia, and other conditions.
Depending on your health and other conditions, your health care provider would recommend you the right diagnosi prenatale. Do not miss the screening prenatale as it is your responsibility towards your baby to ensure that he or she is born healthy.