Learning Taekwondo Forms

Taekwondo forms, or poomses in Korean – taekwondo students seem to often really like them or really hate them. Even if the taekwondo student hates performing the forms, it is something they’ll need to master especially if they would like to achieve a black belt. The properly carried out forms will help the student to be a little more comfortable in their stances as well as carrying out several moves back to back. Other important things about rehearsing the forms is improved balance, timing and coordination. Ideal breathing ought to be used while performing the form strengthening this behavior for the student.

Being a non-aggressive sport, taekwondo forms start on a defensive move, typically with a block. After this initial defensive move the poomse will then advance into counter attack moves, and may still incorporate many defensive moves. The forms will become somewhat more difficult as the student advances to higher belts, introducing advanced sequences of moves and even more of them.

Knowing a specific taekwondo form, or all of them, will undoubtedly be of little service when it comes to a genuine fight. But performing the forms frequently will certainly have the student used to thinking of performing a number of taekwondo moves as one series. The forms are originally based off of moves associated with defending and attacking an actual opponent, they have been formalized and codified to help the student learn them. While mastering the taekwondo forms it may often be useful to imagine an assailant that is being defended from or attacked, based on the steps of the form being executed.

Every taekwondo belt has a taekwondo form required to achieve it. It is necessary for the taekwondo student to memorize and sufficiently demonstrate the required taekwondo form for their instructor before they can progress to the next belt level.

When a student goes to test for their black belt, they may be asked to perform any one or multiples of the taekwondo forms. Many times a higher belt may be asked to assist lower belts with learning their forms and this is helpful in keeping the form fresh in the higher belts mind.

If as a student you are having a difficult time perfecting a taekwondo form here a some things to try:

  • Break the form down into easy to remember sections and increase when the first become a lot easier.
  • Think about being assaulted or assaulting an actual foe at each of a forms elements.
  • Ask the instructor for support, they’ve helped a lot of students through mastering the same exact form, and may well possess some advice on assisting you to memorize it. It is uncanny how an instructor can know exactly where the student performing a form is stuck in the process and provide them the subsequent move.
  • Practice, practice, practice… then practice a few more. Try to slip in at least one full routine on a daily basis, more if attainable.
  • Picture yourself doing the form if you can’t actually do it. Imagine yourself doing while waiting in line for supper, etc.
  • Guide another taekwondo student with the form, this can aid the pair of you.

The two most common sets of taekwondo forms are Taequek forms, used by the World Taekwondo Federation (WTF) and Palgwe forms, used by the International Taekwondo Federation). There are other forms, including Phyong Ahn forms, Jhoon Rhee Martial Ballet and Chang Hon forms. The same form could be performed a little bit differently from school to school, or the schools may also use a totally different class of forms.

The Chang-Hon forms with patterns called ‘teul’ require these forms to achieve black belt:

  • Sa-ju Jji-reu-gi
  • Sa-ju Mak-gi
  • Cheon-Ji
  • Dan-gun
  • Do-san
  • Weon-Hyo
  • Yul-Gok
  • Jung-Geun
  • Toe-gye
  • Sa-ju Ttul-gi
  • Hwa-Rang

There are several more forms demanded for the different levels of black belt.