A lot of people do not have a clear perception about the distinction between being nearsighted vs farsighted. In fact, the difference between them can cover a number of areas, such as vision, eyeglass choices, treatment options, and probable future problems and issues. Both the conditions are related to problems in vision.
Nearsighted vs Farsighted: What are They?:
Though both the terms refer to vision problem, the differences of being nearsighted vs farsighted can be many. The medical term of nearsightedness is myopia. A person suffering from this problem can see objects close to him but faces problems while seeing objects farther away. Myopic people tend to have an extended eyeball or an overly curved cornea. Nearly 30% of total American people are suffering from myopia.
The medical term of farsightedness is hyperopia. A hyperopic person experiences a blurry vision while focusing on objects closer to him but can clearly see objects at distance. This problem occurs due the shrink of eyeball or for an under-curved cornea.
Nearsighted vs Farsighted: How They Affect Vision?:
The difference being nearsighted vs farsighted mainly lies on the formation of images on the retina. In myopia, the figures are formed in front side of retina while in hyperopia, the figures focused are formed beyond retina. If you are a myopic, you may have noticed that you have to narrow your eyes in order to see TV screens, street signs, or other things placed far from you. You can also face problem in seeing computer screen or blackboard.
If you are a hyperopic, you will face problem reading a book by placing close to your eyes. You will find that you can easily read a street sign down the street rather than the one right beside you.
Nearsighted vs Farsighted: The Causes:
The causes being nearsighted vs farsighted do not vary too much. Both the phenomena can be the cause of hereditary problem. Some research studies have identified both the problems as hereditary, which run in families. In most cases, myopia begins at childhood. It can also be influenced by too much visual stress.
Nearsighted vs Farsighted: The Treatment:
The treatment processes of both the problems are almost the same. Applying eyeglasses, using contact lenses, going through LASIK, or refractive surgery can correct these vision problems.
The type of treatments does not depend on being nearsighted vs farsighted. It totally depends upon the patients and their doctors. The type of problems also has no function in determining if you should wear glasses or opt for contact lens. You can prefer anything that suits your personality, lifestyle, and ensures your comfort. The decision will be a personal one as long as your doctor consents to the choice.
Both the conditions can be frustrating and can create a lot of troubles in both your personal and professional life. Continue with uncorrected visions can lead to some physical problems too. It can cause eyestrain, headache, and further deterioration of vision. It can, on the whole, affect your quality of life. So, be it being nearsighted vs farsighted, you should immediately consult an optometrist if you are facing vision problems.