A speech on corruption is not going to change much. Is there corruption on earth? I am sure there is a resounding yes answered to that question. People that think there is no corruption are either one of the corruptors or they have their head buried in the sand. Corruption is ubiquitous and hidden right in front of us in all corners and out in the open. We just cannot find it or dont want to acknowledge it.
Man is by nature susceptible to corruption. We cant change man though. We can educate man but it wont change man, it might change mans behavior but man will still be man as a scorpion is by nature a scorpion. Most people are appalled by corruption but it still exists and even people that partake in corruption appall it. Some feel compelled to act corruptly as it has become the status quo.
We can change the ways we administer man. We can reform systems that allow systemic corruption to flourish. We can identify weaknesses in systems and plug them up. We need to understand what the weaknesses are. Stating that this person or that person is corrupt or this department or that agency is corrupt is only going to create resentment and make people defensive. In the long run it is akin to a witch hunt where pent up repressed feelings explode and society takes its anger out on a few scapegoats for their own shortcomings and guilt for not doing the right thing for decades. This euphoric explosion of success only allows us to put our heads back in the sand and start the cycle all over again. The result is apropos to a speech on corruption.
Increasing accountability is a sure way to help curb corruption. Increased penalties for people convicted of corruption only add teeth to help enforce ironclad rules and regulations that force people into accountability. Strict rules, regulations and procedures will curb corruption. People will have to work harder to successfully embezzle, extort, misappropriation of resources, bribe, partake in nepotism or commit fraud to a point where there moral compass will either push them over the edge to darkness or get the better of them to behave properly.
Society can play a small role in helping curb corruption. With todays technology, its easier to record acts of corruption. Its easier to publish acts of corruption and its easier to stand up against corruption than any other time in the history of man. Although a small role, society can help change the tides of public opinion and lead it into the right direction to a public against corruption where complacency now exists.
Today, there is a lot of research and empirical data collected and compiled on fighting corruption. Most of this data agrees that the single most effective way to curb corruption is to establish complete transparency in systems where public or corporate resources are dealt with. When you implement substantially transparent systems with a higher degree of accountability, the occurrences of corruption reduce.
Another more involved process to help curb corruption is to have the very best people who have the best intent in positions which have discretionary powers. This is easier said than done though. Its sometimes hard to realize that building maintenance personnel have a lot of discretionary powers as to how funds are spent, how contracts are awarded and how work is performed. These jobs are usually looked down upon with an attitude that they are not important positions. When you look at the budgets that these individuals deal with annually and what their salaries are, then we see a disparaging degree of possible economic rent which more than often leads to corruption.
Speaking out against corruption helps but affirmative actions in regard to transparency, accountability, societal pressures and effective human resources focused against corruption is more effective. Just one look at the many articles on corruption and you begin to understand that writing a paragraph on corruption is not going to change things.