It’s relatively easy to grow roses in your California gardens. What you have to take into consideration however, how resistant the rose is to pest and disease, how will you are to take care of them, and do you really like roses.
All roses can not be grown anywhere or everywhere. Since there are different growing regions and so many climate zones throughout the United States, you have to choose roses that will grow best for your part of the country or even your part the state.
Heat, moisture, cold and dryness will all have an impact on your roses, so make sure the ones you choose will be able to grow where you live.
Below is a list of roses that are suitable for growing in the warm weather of Southern California gardens. Please enjoy!
Elle – is a shell pink with deep yellow undertones, Hybrid Tea rose that grows 4 1/2 to 5 1/2 feet tall. The flowers grow 4 to 5 inches in diameter and produce 50 to 55 petals. It has a very strong citrus and spice fragrance, has very good resistance to black spot and mildew and black. They grow best with organic, well-drained soil, fertilizer, water and 6 plus hours of sun.
Opening Night – is a brilliant beautiful red Hybrid Tea rose, that grows 4 to 6 inches in height, with flowers 4 to 6 inches in diameter and 25 to 30 petals. It has no fragrance and cooler weather allows it to grow to a bigger size. It needs organic, well-drained soil, fertilizer, water and 6 plus hours of sun.
Wild Blue Yonder – is a reddish purple with a lavender ‘eye zone’ Grandiflora Rose, that grows upright, bushy and medium tall. It has a medium ruffled flower that produces 25 to 30 petals. It has a citrus blossom and rose fragrance. It has very good resistance to disease, and grows best with organic, well-drained soil, fertilizer, water and full sun to partial shade.
Secret – is a pink blend Hybrid Tea rose. It grows up to 4 feet tall and has flowers 4 to 4 1/2 inches in diameter. They produce 30 to 35 petals and grows best with organic, well-drained soil, fertilizer, water and 6 plus hours of sun.
Julia Child – is a beautiful warm butter gold color Floirbunda rose. It is bushy and very rounded, and grows to medium height. The flowers are full, old fashioned and medium in size. This rose produces more than 35 petals, and has a strong sweet licorice and spice fragrance. It grows best with organic, well-drained soil, fertilizer, water and full sun to partial shade.
Tahitian Sunset – is another Hybrid Tea rose that has a peachy apricot pink color, with a strong yellow base. It grows up to 5 feet tall with flowers 5 inches in diameter. It produces 25 to 30 petals, and has a strong anise fragrance. This rose has very good resistance to blackspot and grows best with organic, well-drained soil, fertilizer, water and 6 plus hours of sun.
Hot Cocoa – is a beautiful smoky chocolate orange Floribunda rose. It grows upright, is medium tall with large ruffled and double flowers. It produces 25 to 30 petals and has a moderate old rose fragrance. Hot Cocoa is a vigorous and disease resistant rose that grows best with organic, well-drained soil, fertilizer, water and 6 plus hours of sun.
Cherry Parfait – is a delicious name for a beautiful white, edged with red, Grandiflora rose! It grows to 5 feet tall with flowers that are 3 1/2 to 4 inches in diameter. It produces 35 to 40 petals, and has a very slight fragrance. This rose grows best with organic, well-drained soil, fertilizer, water, spraying for insects and disease, and 4 to 6 hours of sun.
Gemini – is another lovely, coral pink and white Hybrid Tea rose. It grows 4 to 6 feet with flowers 5 to 7 inches in diameter.
It produces 25 to 30 petals and has a very light papaya fragrance. This rose grows best with organic, well-drained soil, fertilizer, water and 6 plus hours of sun.
Fourth of July – is a red and white striped climber rose that grows on climbing canes. It can grow up to 12 or 14 feet and has large, semi-double clusters that have 10 to 15 petals. This beautiful rose has a fragrance of fresh cut apple and sweet rose. It grows best with organic, well-drained soil, fertilizer, water and 4 plus hours of sun.
The Yearly Minimum Amount Of Care
- January – Prune your roses, clean their beds, spray them with a dormant spray, water if needed.
- February – Spread no more than 4 inches of organic mulch, water your roses as needed.
- March – Spray with to prevent mildew. Apply a slow release fertilizer and water as needed.
- April – Spray foliage with an insecticide that will stop mildew and insects. Water as needed.
- May – Dead head and water as needed.
- June – Spray foliage two days a week. You don’t want any insects or mildew. Water as needed.
- July and August – Spray foliage for mildew and insects. Water as needed.
- September – Apply a slow release fertilizer. Water very well.
- October – Spray again for mildew and water when needed.
- November – Can be a very dry month, so water when needed.
- December – Purchase new roses and prepare for the next year of planting.
If you live in an area where the temperatures in the summer months reach as high as 95 to 100F, this can be very hazardous to your roses… in the form of insects, fungus and stress. Because of this, you want to always make sure your roses are well watered at the root, not on the flowers. Do this at least twice a day. When you fertilize, the 90 day slow release is best because it prevents over fertilizing.
Dead heading and cleaning your rose bed lets air circulate among your flowers, which will help to prevent any fungus and mildew. If this is your first time planting roses, it would be a great idea to check with your garden center about the type of soil you have. Depending on where you live, the soil in your California garden may or may not need to be amended before planting.
For the minimum amount of care, just follow the outline given above. Keep your roses watered, fertilized, mulched, cleaned, sprayed for insects and mildew – and you should have very healthy and beautiful roses.
Top Ten Roses for California