Types Of Acne And Skin Care For Acne

From blackheads to whiteheads, acne comes in many different forms. And with names like pauples and pustules, sometimes understanding all the various types of acne isn’t as simple as black and white. Discover what type of acne you have so you can effectively treat it.

Whitehead

The whiteheads can be also seen in both teenagers and adults. The exact cause of whiteheads isn’t still known for sure but most of the dermatologists suggest that the whiteheads are caused by the accumulation of hardened sebum (oil) in the pores of the skin. If the skin pore closes up then the bacteria will remain under the skin – it will begin to grow and after a few days a whitehead will be formed.

Whiteheads usually occur on different parts of the face, most commonly around the eyes and on the cheeks. Most of the people also get whiteheads on the chest, neck and forehead. Whiteheads are often accompanied with blackheads, pimples and acne.

Blackhead

Blackheads, also known as open comedones, are follicles that have a wider than normal opening. They are filled with plugs of sebum and sloughed-off cells and have undergone a chemical reaction resulting in the oxidation of melanin. This gives the material in the follicle the typical black color.

Papule

A small, inflamed lesion, also known as a pimple. A papule is a circumscribed, solid elevation of skin with no visible fluid, varying in size from a pinhead to 1 cm. They can be either brown, purple, pink or red in colour. The papules may open when scratched and become infected and crusty. Papules may have different shapes and are sometimes associated with other features such as crusts or scales.

Pustule

A small, inflamed, elevated lesion, containing pus. Also referred to as a pimple. Differs from a papule because of the pus located in the center of the lesion.

A pustule is a small elevation of the skin containing cloudy or purulent material usually consisting of necrotic inflammatory cells. These can be either white or red.

Nodule

A small, abnormal node, mass or lump. Is usually caused by severe acne and may appear as an inflamed, deep, red bump that’s larger than a pimple. Can be painful and lead to scarring.

A nodule is morphologically similar to a papule, but is greater than either 5 or 10mm in both width and depth, and most frequently centered in the dermis or subcutaneous fat. The depth of involvement is what differentiates a nodule from a papule.

Cyst

A large, pus-filled acne lesion that’s usually inflamed and painful. Can become infected and can lead to scarring. A cyst is an epithelial-lined cavity containing liquid, semi-solid, or solid material

Skin Care for acne

The key to skin care for acne is consistency. An overnight cure has not been found. But using good skin care methods aids in the daily, steady improvement of follicle health. Since acne is not caused by eating certain foods, restricting the diet is not helpful. Since it is also not caused by ‘dirty’ skin, excessively scrubbing does not help and can even make the skin more irritated.

The best skin care for comedones consists of once-a-day cleansing with a mild soap or facial scrub to aid in the removal of excess sebum and dead skin cells. Oil-based makeup should not be used since these can contribute to the buildup of oil in the follicles. Water-based makeup labeled as non-comedogenic can be used safely.